Medieval Tamil Nadu
was ruled by four main Dravidian dynasties: Pallavas, Cholas, Pandyas and
About Tamil Nadu
The majestic hills of the Western Ghats; filled with profuse incense of the
towering temples and gopurams; vibrant festivals of music and dance;
shimmering silk fabrics of brilliant colors; endless silver lined beaches
conjures up the breathtaking image of Tamil Nadu. The Muslim invasion in the
14th century was followed by Hindu rule of the Pandayas and Nayaks. There
was a dominant British presence in the state in the eighteenth and
nineteenth century, which led to the creation of the Madras Presidency in
1947. Today, Tamil nadu is an independent state of India Union, with
numerous places of tourist interest.
The rich alluvial soil of the perennial river of the state, the Cauveri,
which originated in Coorg in the neighbouring state of Karnataka and its
delta in Thanjavur irrigate the fertile Coromandel plains, while the mixed
deciduous forests of the region hides over 3000 plant species. One of the
most noteworthy flowers is the Kurinji of Kodaikanal, which blooms once in
every 12 years.
Culture and Lifestyle
The People of Tamil Nadu learns to appreciate culture from a very young
age, and have a deep interest in music, dance and literature. Classical
dancing in the form of Bharatnatyam, continues to be followed with a lot of
fervour and dedication in Tamil Nadu.
Carnatic music is another art form that has flourished over the ages,
producing artists of great repute. Pongal, Navaratri or Dussehra, Deepavali
and Christmas are the popular ones. The unique festival of Carnatic music,
Thyagaraja festival is held annually in January at Thiruvariyar.
Tamil Nadu is bounded by Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh in the north and
Kerala in the west.
Tropical climate prevails with little difference in temperature in summer
and winter. April and May are the hottest months with the mercury often
soaring above the 40ºC mark.
Places of Interest in Tamil Nadu
It is a beautiful hill station with a charming ambience with thickly wooded
slopes, well laid out walking paths through picturesque locations,
tumultuous waterfalls and steep rock outcrops. There are a number of
picturesque walks like Coaker's Walk and Priest's Walk. Kodai's best
viewpoints are Pillar Rocks and Green Valley View.
With a rich cultural heritage and 2500 years history, Madurai situated on
the banks of river Vaigai, is the second largest city of Tamil Nadu.
Goddess, Meenakshi with her lovely fish-shaped eyes, together with her
consort, lord Sundareswar or Shiva, presides in her magnificent Meenakshi
Temple in the heart of the town.
Oatacamund or Ooty as is popularly known spreads amidst tea and coffee
plantations is an ideal holiday destination for the travellers known as the
Queen of southern hill resorts of India. Among the viewpoints around Ooty
are Elk Hill, Green Valley View and Snowden Peak. From the Dodabetta Peak,
the highest point in the district, one can see the plains of Coimbatore and
the Mysore plateau.
The metropolitan capital of Tamil Nadu, Chennai, formerly known as Madras,
is the largest city in South India. Located on the Coromandel Coast, off the
Bay of Bengal, the city is intersected by the waterways of Cooum, Adyar and
Buckingham Canal. Chennai has an obvious British touch, evident in various
cathedrals like Fort St George and the 13 km long Marina Beach is the pride
of Chennai and is much sought after for the cool evening breeze.
Wildlife in Tamil Nadu
Sanctuaries like Mudumalai and Annamalai or Indira Gandhi wild life
sanctuary are situated in the hills of the Western Ghats and are the habitat
of elephants, tigers, bisons and a variety of monkey and deer.
Madumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
Madumalai,is the first sanctuary in south India. The terrain here is highly
varied with hills, valleys, ravines, watercourses and swamps. The fauna
consists of tropical moist deciduous forests Langur, bonnet macaque, mouse
deer, wild boar, rodent and flying squirrel are some of animals found in
Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary
Annamalai boasts of various kinds of animals like Elephant, Gaur, Tiger,
Panther, Sloth Bear, Deer, Wild Bear, Wild Dog, Porcupine, Flying Squirrel
and is home to a large number of crocodiles.
How to Reach :
By Air : Directly linked to the major metro cities. The
Anna International Airport, is about 16 km south of Chennai.
By Rail : The railway station at Chennai has connecting
trains to and from all major cities in India connecting it with important
places like Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bombay, Calcutta, Cochin, Coimbatore and
By Road : The entire state is connected through an
extensive network of metaled roads. Nearest important place to reach by road
is Bangalore at a distance of 334kms